city has op

s life-changing for migrant workers. And they, i▓n turn, are changing the urban landscape and cul

ened up Wang

Ke's mi

ture. Shanghai and these workers are bec▓oming more and more interdependent. Wang Ke is just one of the many who have gone through

nd. He plans t

bama's ?/h2>

urbanization and are now seeing a bigger world.€BEIJING, March 20 -- How much property did▓ the 14th Dalai Lama own before fleeing Ti

o return home

in sever

bet in 1959? €A great deal, according to a white paper titled Fifty Years of Democratic Reform in Tibet, recently published by the

al years, and

open up his

Information Office of the State Council. Following is an arti▓cle published in the People's Daily Thursday in response to readers' i

nq▓uiries: €In 1959, the Dalai Lama personally owned 160,000 liang (a Chin▓ese weighing unit equal to 50 grams) of gold, 95 million liang of silver,

more than 20,000 pieces of jewelry and jadeware, and more than 10,000 pieces of silk and satin ▓fabric and rare fur clothing, including more than 100 robes inlaid with pearls and gems, each worth tens of thousands of yuan. €The picture shows a family of serfs living in a shabby tent. Miserable life of serfs. (Fil

own shop.Filli

ng a niche i

nastery lamas - exerted ex▓tremely brutal political suppression and economic exploitation on the serfs and slaves. €About 90 percent of old Tibet's population was made up of serfs, called tralpa in Tibetan (namely, people who tilled plots of land assigned to them and had to provide corvee labor for their serf owners) and duiqoin (small households with chimneys emitting smoke). They had no means of product▓ion or personal freedom, and only lived on tilling plots for e▓state-holders for survival. €In addition, nangzan, about 5 percent of the old Tibet's population, were hereditary slaves regarded